The largest pine in the U.S., the white pine has soft, flexible needles and is bluish-green in
color. Needles are 2½ - 5 inches long. White pines have good needle retention, but have little aroma. They
aren't recommended for heavy ornaments.
The white spruce is excellent for ornaments; its short, stiff needles are ½ to ¾ in. long
and have a blunt tip. They are bluish-green - green in color, but have a bad aroma when needles are crushed.
They have excellent foliage color and have a good, natural shape. The needle retention is better in a white
spruce than it is among other spruces.
The Fraser fir branches turn slightly upward. They have good form and needle-retention.
They are dark blue-green in color. They have a pleasant scent, and excellent shipping characteristics as well.
COLORADO BLUE SPRUCE:
Often used for stuffing pine-pillows, these sharp needles are 1 to 1 ½ in. in
length. This species is bluish-gray in color. Needles have an unpleasant odor when crushed. This Christmas Tree
has good symmetrical form and an attractive blue foliage. It also has good needle retention.
These small, narrow needles are around 1 to 1½ in. in length and occur in rows. They
have good foliage color, good needle retention, and a pleasing shape and aroma.
These soft needles are dark green to blue green in color and are approximately 1 to 1 ½ in. in
length. Douglas-fir needles radiate in all directions from the branch. When crushed, these needles have a
sweet fragrance. They are one of the top major Christmas tree species in the U.S.
These needles are ¾ to 1½ in. in length and last a very long time. This tree has a dark-green
appearance and retains its pleasing fragrance throughout the Christmas season.
Approximately 1 in. in length, these needles don't even fall when they're dry, providing
excellent needle retention. The color is a bright green. A common Christmas tree in the U.S., the scotch
pine has an excellent survival rate, is easy to replant, has great keepability and will remain fresh throughout the
These needles turn upward, exposing the lower branches. Known for its beauty, the noble fir
has a long keepability, and its stiff branches make it a good tree for heavy ornaments, as well as providing
excellent greenery for wreaths and garland.
The most popular Christmas tree in the southeast, the Leyland cypress is dark
green-gray in color and has very little aroma. Because it is not in the pine or fir family, it does not produce
sap, so those with an allergy to sap can still enjoy a Leyland as their Christmas Tree.
These branches are stout and woody and respond very well to trimming. The tree is small to
medium in size and its foliage becomes extremely dense. Aside from being a good nesting site for
woodpeckers, the Virginia pine continues to be one of the more popular Christmas tree in the south.
If you'd like to learn more about a particular species of Christmas tree, visit our Education Center